Brothers Meade and Jan Gougeon begin building DN class iceboats with wood and epoxy, selling a 200 iceboats between 1969 and 1974. “Where we got really lucky in our quest for epoxy technology was to be located 17 miles east of Dow Chemical Co. We introduced Herbert Dow (an avid sailor and the grandson of Dow Chemical’s founder) to iceboating. Herb made it possible for us to work with chemists in Dow’s epoxy lab, helping us to develop resins and hardeners we could use as both an adhesive and a coating,” company founder Meade Gougeon says. With Dow’s help, the Gougeon brothers develop the formulations WEST SYSTEM epoxy products are based on.
The trimaran ADAGIO is launched. She’s the first large, all epoxy bonded and sealed wooden boat built without the use of fasteners. Meade and Jan Gougeon built her in just six months. She’s been sailing on the Great Lakes ever since and continues to be a serious contender in the Mackinac races. ADAGIO is proof that fully bonded monocoque structures can be built to last for generations.
WEST SYSTEM Epoxy
Word travels fast about the high-strength composites the Gougeon brothers were building with wood and epoxy. Local boat builders flocked to Gougeon Brothers Boatworks—located on the west side of the Saginaw River in Bay City, Michigan—seeking epoxy for their own projects. With an investment from middle brother Joel Gougeon, who had saved his earnings over four years of flying combat missions for the airforce in Vietnam, the brothers begin packaging their special epoxy formulation to satisfy increasing demand.
The first WEST SYSTEM Technical Manual is published. It helps customers understand WEST SYSTEM epoxy products, which are like nothing else on the market at that time. The manual will be expanded over the next several years and is the first in a long line of informative publications for epoxy users.
Gougeon Brothers Boatworks improves the performance of DN Iceboats by building them with wood and epoxy. Their boats win races due to the added stiffness and durability the epoxy provides. By 1973, the brothers’ small boat shop on Martin St. in Bay City, Michigan becomes the largest builder of iceboats in the United States. Even so, in 1974 they sell it to focus on epoxy.
Construction begins on GOLDEN DAZY, the Ron Holland-designed monohull. She goes on to win the 1975 Canada’s Cup and is still sailing today in upstate New York. The success of these wood/epoxy composite boat results is revolutionary to builders and designers. They’re building stiffer, stronger hulls without increasing boat weight.
DN World Cup
Jan Gougeon takes 1st Place in the DN Iceboat Gold Cup World Championships, beating the fierce sailing Russians, Poles, Dutch, and Swiss. His DN iceboat is a plywood/spruce structure that is highly loaded and a great test of epoxy under stress. Jan goes on to win many more iceboat championships over the coming decades.
The Gougeon crew uses cold-molded construction methods to build HOT FLASH, a 32′ half-ton monohull designed by Gary Mull and built on commission for the Usnis brothers of the Bayview Yacht Club in Detroit.
The brothers began building ROGUE WAVE, a Dick Newick designed 60′ trimaran for Phil Weld.Weld’s hopes to race it in the 1980 OSTAR are dashed by a rule change.
1977 is also the year construction starts on FLICKA. Jan would spend four long days in the capsized FLICKA in the Atlantic Ocean during a qualifier for the next OSTAR challenge. He had plenty of time to think about the development of a self-righting trimaran before he was rescued by a passing freighter. Sadly, FLICKA had to be abandoned at sea.
The first issue of The Boatbuilder is published. This black and white, 8-page newsletter about epoxy and epoxy projects will eventually grow up to be the 28-page, full-color Epoxyworks Magazine.
The Gougeon Brothers are commissioned to build SLINGSHOT, 60′ proa/trimaran, for Karl Thomas of Troy, Michigan. The purpose was to challenge the World’s Sailing Speed Record in England. Designed by Georg Thomas, it features a flattened after-section for planing and can reach speeds of over 40 mph.
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. manufactures laminated wood specimens for use in NASA’s Wind Energy Project Office. Tests are performed to determine the strength of an epoxy bond between a threaded steel rod and a laminated wood specimen. The mean value for the 15″ stud depth laminated for veneer specimens is 64,800 lbs of load, well in excess of the 38,000 maximum load expected on wind turbine blades.
GBI on Boat Construction
The Gougeon Brothers on Boat Construction is first published. The boatbuilding guide details composite construction techniques using wood and epoxy. It quickly becomes a favorite resource for professionals and first-time builders.
Jan designs and begins to build Splinter, a developed plywood trimaran designed to be rightable after a capsize. SPLINTER was the second boat, after ADAGIO, that the Gougeons built with a wingmast. Jan places first in the Port Huron to Mackinac race aboard SPLINTER in 1981, 1982 and 1983 and also sets a record for the fastest finish. SPLINTER is still racing on the Saginaw Bay.
Racing SLINGSHOT in the ditch in Texas City, Texas, the crew (consisting of Mike Zuteck, Olaf Harkin, Peter Harken, Jan Gougeon, Dan Reichelsdorfer, Ron Sherry, and John Maudlin) posted a speed of 38 knots. But during a storm—with winds over 50 knots—Slingshot came loose from her mooring, hit a breakwater and broke into pieces. All that remains of her is a section of the bow which hangs in the Gougeon Brothers boat shop.
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. undertakes the groundwork for becoming an employee-owned company. Any full-time Gougeon employee you speak with is a part-owner of the company and has a vested interest in keeping you as a satisfied customer.
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. obtains an MTS testing machine, which exerts gradually increasing loads on test samples and accurately records the amount of deflection at sample failure. Today, our lab includes 2 MTS machines, 3 DCSs and a DMA for thermal analysis, FTIR for analyzing composition, a TGA for characterizing the thermal decomposition of materials, and a Rheometer for measuring viscosity.
OLLIE, the prototype STRESSFORM 35′ trimaran designed by Jan Gougeon and Built by Gougeon Brothers, Inc., is launched. She will sail successfully for decades to come.
Wind Turbine Blades
Production of 65′ long wind turbine blades for Westinghouse begins in GBI’s Bay City plant. When erected, the wind turbine sweeps a 142′ diameter and produces 600 KW of power in winds of 28 mph.
Repair Pack Introduced
WEST SYSTEM Handy Packs and Maxi Packs hit the market to meet customer demands for smaller packages of epoxy. The self-contained repair kits retailed for $3.95 and $11.95 respectively, while Ronald Reagan was president.
Fiberglass Repair Manual
The first edition of the popular Fiberglass Boat Repair & Maintenance is introduced. The illustrated manual offers a variety of fiberglass boat repair techniques and retails for just $2 in 1987. The up-to-date version is now available as a free download on this website. or in print at fine marine chandleries.
ADRENALIN, a Formula 40 trimaran, is built of wood, epoxy and carbon fiber by Gougeon Brothers for Bill Piper of Ossineke, Michigan. She takes an extremely close second place in her first regatta in the Formula 40 Grand Prix circuit in Brest, France in April of 1988.
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. introduces Gougeon Laminating Epoxy (GLR/GLH), the precursor to their PRO-SET® line of OEM epoxy products. Among many high-end projects, GLR/GLH is used in building offshore powerboats like POPEYE’S DIET COKE® by Goetz Custom Yachts. PRO-SET epoxies have been used in the construction of high-speed powerboats ever since.
Lightweight, inexpensive 410 Microlight Fairing filler is introduced. This is an easy to mix, sand and shape epoxy filler that stores nicely even in humid environments. The product reduces the hassle of sanding and fairing for epoxy users worldwide.
Siberian DN Victory
Jan Gougeon enjoys Russian hospitality and a victory in the 1989 DN Big Cup of Siberia, placing 1st overall in the 7 races of the Gold Fleet Regatta. “While there was some difficulty with the language barrier, we had a lot of fun learning from each other,” Jan said. He is 44 years old and a 3-time World DN Iceboat Champion at the time of his big Siberian win.
The water-ballasted, shoal-drafted, trailerable and streamlined Gougeon 32 Catamaran is developed for production. There are still Gougeon-32’s competing in regattas today.
Wooden Boat Manual
Wooden Boat Restoration & Repair is published, illustrating professional-level repair techniques for wooden boat enthusiasts. This popular manual is now available as a free, downloadable PDF on this website (under Instruction) and print copies can be purchased at fine marine chandleries.
DN Gold Cup
Jan Gougeon takes his 4th DN World Gold Cup, placing 1st overall in the 5 races of the International DN Ice Yacht Racing Association (IDNIYRA) Gold Fleet Regatta on Lake Huron’s Saginaw Bay, Feb. 3-4, 1991.
Epoxyworks Magazine debuts. After 15 years of growth in scope, size and popularity as The Boatbuilder, the 26-page biannual publication evolves beyond boat construction to encompass all types of building, restoration, and repair with epoxy. The cover feature is the restored Whalebone Arch at Christ Church Cathedral in Stanely, Falkland Islands.
POCKET ROCKET, Jan Gougeon’s personal prototype of the Gougeon 32 (or G-32, or as it was briefly known, Hummer) production catamaran, ends the racing season undefeated for line honors. The boat places 1st in the singlehanded Port Huron to Mackinac Race, the Lake Huron Double Handed Challenge, and the Buzzards Bay Regatta.
The brand name of Gougeon Laminating Epoxies is changed to PRO-SET Epoxies. These OEM epoxies set new standards in room-temperature cured, post-curable laminating and infusion epoxies and continue to grow in popularity among high-end composite builders.
The 1938 Frank Lloyd Wright-designed, 14,000 sq. ft. residence Wingspread (Racine, Washington) undergoes extensive stabilization and roof repairs using PRO-SET Epoxy products from Gougeon Brothers, Inc., as well as materials testing and guidance from GBI’s technical department.
Hodgdon Yachts, Inc. in East Boothbay, Maine begins cold molding ANTONISA, a 124′ sloop of mahogany and WEST SYSTEM Epoxy. The carbon composite mast is 172′ tall. Completed in 1999, ANTONISA weighs in at 350,000 pounds. The salon features a marble fireplace and a pipe organ.
The Jubilee Sailing Trust begins constructing the world’s largest wood/epoxy tall ship underway: TENACIOUS, a 65-meter (250′) 3-masted barque. Based in the United Kingdom, the Jubiliee Sailing Trust helps integrate physically disabled people into sailing aboard TENACIOUS. WEST SYSTEM Epoxy is used throughout the construction.
The Hydromat Panel Test, a Gougeon-developed structural test using a self-contained pressure bladder, becomes the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard D6416. The test evaluates the performance of sandwich composites, plywood, or flat plates of almost any material. The pressure bladder represents more realistic loading pressures than earlier ASTM standard tests for these qualities.
SERENDIPITY, a modern decked sailing canoe, is built by Hugh Horton for Meade Gougeon using wood, epoxy and composite Kevlar® components. The rig has a simple and efficient reefing system.
Hodgdon Yachts in East Boothbay, Maine builds SCHEHERAZADE, a 155′ Bruce King-designed wood-epoxy ketch. She’s cold molded with multiple layers of Douglas fir, western red cedar and WEST SYSTEM Epoxy.
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. completes the arduous process of certification under ISO 9001:2000 Quality Standard. The standard represents a quality management system that pervades all elements of the business, giving structure to a whole dynamic of customer service.
BABYFACE NELSON is launched on Gull Lake following two years of cold molded construction in mahogany and WEST SYSTEM Epoxy. Built by Bruce Hutchinson, the boat is a replica of Gold Cup racer BABY BOOTLEGGER, designed by George Crouch in 1924.
Scaled Composite in Mojave, California begins using PRO-SET Epoxies in the development of their cutting-edge spacecraft such as SPACESHIPONE, PROTEUS, VOYAGER, CAPTIVE CARRY (shown), and ADAM. Scaled’s founder, renowned aerospace engineer Burt Rutan, began using WEST SYSTEM Epoxies in moldless composite construction homebuilt aircraft in the 1970s.
The 5th Edition of The Gougeon Brothers on Boat Construction is published. It is expanded by 20% with new material, a revised layout for easier navigation, and is updated to reflect evolving epoxy technology.
Meade and Jan launch their Gougmarans: lightweight, shallow-draft, efficient power catamarans on Dick Newick-designed 32′ hulls. Jan’s is christened MAGIC CARPET, while Meade’s is simply called GOUGMARAN.
G/flex toughened epoxies are introduced. The innovative products are rubber toughened and bond tenaciously with many types of plastic, aluminum, and hardwoods. They’re are resistant to the stress of expansion, contraction, shock, and vibration. These specialty epoxies come in an unthickened (G/flex 650) and pre-thickened (G/flex 655) form and are available in sizes from 8-oz kits to 50-gallon drums.
Six10 Thickened Epoxy Adhesive, a 2-part epoxy system in a chambered, self-metering cartridge designed to be dispensed with a standard caulking gun, is introduced. Its convenience and versatility make it an immediate hit with first-time and seasoned epoxy users.
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. celebrates 40 years in business with a big summer barbecue party, complete with a live band and fireworks. Friends and colleagues from around the globe join in the festivities.
ZOGO, a hybrid diesel/electric launch designed by Stephens, Waring & White and built by French and Webb in Brooklin, Maine, is launched. This craft pushes the envelope for high-efficiency, low-impact boating. She burns just 1.5 gallons of fuel per hour cruising at 10.5 knots.
The Gougeon Brothers technical staff builds the i550 HOT CANARY, an 18′ sport boat to be raced in the Everglades Challenge. The i550, designed by Chris Beckwith, is a small but substantial boat that can handle rough seas.
Jan Gougeon launches STRINGS. Ten years in the making, sometimes referred to as Project X, the 40′ boat is essentially a folding catamaran with a fuselage. Jan designed STRINGS to be easy to sail solo, self-righting, and trailerable, with a shallow draft, yet a big enough footprint to be a serious offshore contender. Sadly, it is to be Jan’s final boat.
Greg Hatten’s replica of the river dory PORTOLA completes a 24-trip down the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon, surviving some of the biggest white water on the planet for an almost 300-mile maiden voyage. Hatten built PORTOLA of wood and WEST SYSTEM Epoxy.
Jan C. Gougeon
August 7, 1945-December 18, 2012. The youngest of the three Gougeon Brothers, Jan was a natural engineer and a visionary. Jan was working in the shop until a few days before his death. Boats he designed and built include WEE THREE, FLICKA, SPLINTER, OLLIE, POCKET ROCKET, MAGIC CARPET, and STRINGS. He was the DN Iceboat World Gold Cup Champion in 1975, 1982, 1985 and 1991; the Great Cup of Siberia in 1989 and the DN North American Championship in 1971, 1972 and 2000. He was also a licensed airplane pilot and an all around great guy. We miss him.
The Gougeon technical staff moves into their new building. The facility includes a large, adaptable workshop and a climate-controlled lab. An independent “floating” concrete slab isolates the company’s MTS hydraulic mechanical testing machines from outside vibration interference. The building is dedicated to the memory of Jan C. Gougeon.
Hall of Fame
Meade and Jan Gougeon are inducted into The National Sailing Hall of Fame (NSHOF) in October of 2015. Meade and Jan, along with their brother Joel, founded Gougeon Brothers, Inc. in 1969. The two brothers were selected because of their pioneering work in the use of epoxies for boat construction, and because each is an accomplished sailor.
Oracle Team USA
ORACLE TEAM USA uses PRO-SET adhesives by Gougeon Brothers, Inc. in the construction of their 2017 America’s Cup contender. Ian Burns, performance team manager for ORACLE TEAM USA, says these adhesives are used to build high-quality small parts. The individually crafted components are joined to the boat with epoxy adhesives, becoming the strongest part of the hulls. Floor manager Johnathan Holstrom points out the adhesives are what ORACLE TEAM USA counts on to hold everything together. He calls PRO-SET epoxies “the nuts and bolts,” in the construction of these state-of-the-art race boats.
Still formidable after 46 years, ADAGIO takes a victory in Division III of the 2016 Bell’s Beer Bayview Mackinac Race. She’s crewed by Alan Gurski, Matt Scharl, and Ben Gougeon. ADAGIO’s longevity is a testament to wood/epoxy boat building. She is the first large wooden boat bonded entirely with epoxy and without mechanical fasteners. She is also the first wooden boat completely sealed with epoxy inside and out. At the time of the 2016 win, she is 47 years old.
Meade Gougeon, 78, places 2nd in his class in the 2017 Everglades Challenge aboard his outrigger sailing canoe ELDERLY CARE. The grueling 300-mile race may have been the toughest in 15 years. “Three days of high winds, headwinds, and rough seas. It was wet and bumpy,” is how Meade describes it. More than half of the 108-boat fleet dropped out, with just 51 entrants making it across the finish line ahead of the 8-day time limit.